Listing and Scheduling are ways of protecting and preserving some of the most significant elements of built heritage.
The National Heritage List for England is administered by Historic England, and combines all of the previous designation and listing information. This extends beyond buildings to include any historically significant made structure, including buildings, archaeological sites, battlefields, shipwrecks, parks and gardens, statues, memorials.
Although officially designated by the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport, heritage designations are administered by Historic England.
With over 2100 listed buildings, South Kesteven has more listed buildings than any other district in Lincolnshire, and the second highest number of listings of any district in the East Midlands.
Buildings may be designated as listed because of architectural significance, historic significance or a connection with a historic person or event.
The grade of listing indicates the significance of the building.The most common listing designation is Grade II, most listed domestic and industrial buildings will fall into this category.
Almost all buildings constructed before 1700, which remain anywhere near their original state are listed, most buildings constructed between 1700 -1840 will be listed. It is far rarer for more modern buildings to be listed, as these survive in far greater numbers and tend to be more standardised in construction. However, any building with particular significance may be listed, regardless of age. Nationally 770 post war buildings are listed, with even one building from the 1990s making the list.
While listing does not prevent works being carried out on the building, it does require owners to comply with specific legislation and gain additional permissions to make changes which might in anyway alter the character or affect significant features. This applies even for changes which may be considered as permitted development for non-designated buildings. Failure to gain permission for works to a listed building may result in a significant fine, or even a prison sentence.
It is important to note that, regardless of grade, listing applies to the whole building (inside and out), and in some cases can also cover outbuildings and other associated structures.
The National Heritage List for England is available on the Historic England Website. It is the only official list and provides the most up to date and accurate resource.
It is free, very easy to search, and provides information on all designated heritage assets.
This is a complex question, as a wide range of buildings and sites are considered significant for different reasons. Historic England has produced a range of advice documents, which are available here.
Is there a building or site under threat which you believe should be protected, you can apply to Historic England for an assessment.
Anyone can apply, using an easy to access online portal, you do not need to have any specific role or qualification – however you will need to have done your research and be able to explain the makes the site significant, and why it is under threat.
The listing portal, along with a lot more information from Historic England is available here
The Civic Amenities Act of 1967 gave local authorities the powers to designate conservation areas. These are areas where the special historic interest or character is such that all properties and development within the area are subject to increased protection and planning legislation.
With the passing of the Act, the stunning Georgian town of Stamford became the first town in Britain to be designated as a conservation area. It has since been joined by 46 other conservation areas across South Kesteven, reflecting the amazing richness of the built heritage to be found in the district.
To find out what restrictions apply, to contact the Planning and Conservation team for SKDC click here
It is important to remember that if you have a listed building, regardless of grade the entire building is listed, the significance of a listed building will often extend beyond the features which are directly described in the listing.
People are often of the belief that Grade II listing only applies to the exterior of the building, but this is not correct. Structural changes to the interior will also require consent. This also applies if there have been more recent alterations to the building, for example an extension. These will also fall under the requirements of the listing, and permission will be required to make any alterations.
As the maximum fine for carrying out works on a listed building without consent is £20000, and prison sentences of up to six months can be applied, and you may have to pay to have the building returned to its original state. Bearing this in mind, it is always worth checking if consent is required!
Listed Building Consent is granted by the local authority. To find out if you require listed building consent and discover more about the application process, you can contact the planning department of South Kesteven District Council here
If a building is listed, the whole building is listed. This includes any more modern additions, and can also include outbuildings, railings, gates, retaining walls, and other features.
If specific items are mentioned in the listing this is for description only.
If you are considering any work on a listed building within South Kesteven, you can find more information, and contact the conservation team here.